Mom’s Best Braised Chicken with Mushrooms (小鸡炖蘑菇)

Braised Chicken with Mushroom (小鸡炖蘑菇) | omnivorescookbook.comThe braised chicken with mushrooms have a concentrated savory flavor. The broth absorbs the flavor of the chicken and dried shiitake mushroom to create a potent sauce that enhances them both. The mushrooms are the highlight of the dish, meaty and juicy, and add an earthy umami to the tender chicken.

Braised chicken with mushrooms (小鸡炖蘑菇) is a classic northern Chinese dish. The recipe originally called for a whole free range chicken, to be braised with dried mushrooms in a soy-sauce-based savory sauce. The chicken becomes flavorful and tender, but the mushrooms are the real highlight. They are so meaty in texture and absorb tons of flavor from the chicken. It is a winter dish but my family enjoys it year round.

If you’ve been following Omnivore’s Cookbook for a while, you might have noticed I have very similar collection of braised dishes, like the braised duck and braised pork ribs. The truth is, my parents are from the northern part of China, and they cook this type of braised dish all the time. The braising sauces might look very similar to each other – a savory and strong brown sauce with soy sauce as its base. But the key is the ratio and combination of other spices.

By adjusting the spices according to the type of protein, the sauce will create a customized umami that brings out the deliciousness of the ingredients. Plus, you shouldn’t taste the flavor of any single spice in the finished dish, because everything works together as parts of a whole. On the other hand, if you’re not careful, you might find the finished dish tasting overwhelmingly of star anise, for example. This is a result we always try to avoid.

Braised-Chicken-and-Mushroom-4

The Art of Chinese Braising

As a general guide, remember the following tips when cooking Chinese braised dishes. (This considers about 1.5 kilograms / 3 pounds of meat or poultry).

  • Add plenty of Shaoxing wine. It won’t affect the result too much if you add a bit more.
  • Add plenty of fresh ginger and green onion. A thumb-size ginger is generally enough for cooking 1.5 to 2 kilograms (3 to 4 pound) chicken. The amount of green onion is more flexible, about 4 to 8 pieces of white part.
  • Be careful with the soy sauce. We usually use the combination of light soy sauce, which add flavors, and dark soy sauce, which adds color. Don’t add too much of either soy sauce, otherwise the sauce with end up tasting like it. You should only add a bit of dark soy sauce (1 to 2 teaspoons is usually enough), otherwise the dish will turn very dark and won’t look appetizing.
  • Always be stingy with star anise and clove. In most cases, one whole star anise star is enough. Its flavor is extremely strong and will easily stand out.

Braised Chicken with Mushroom (小鸡炖蘑菇) | omnivorescookbook.com

A Few Things To Note

  • Try to use bone-in cuts of chicken. A whole free range chicken is preferable, but you can use wings, legs, and/or thighs. Ask the butcher to chop the legs and thighs into smaller sized pieces so they absorb more flavor during braising.
  • Adjust braising time according to the type of chicken. A free range chicken might take more than 1 hour to braise, while a typical young chicken will start to fall apart and dry up after 50 minutes. Check the doneness of the chicken closely after 30 minutes to avoid overcooking.
  • Make the braising sauce a bit salty, because the braising time is relatively short and the chicken won’t have enough time to absorb all the flavor.
  • Thicken the sauce until it can coat the chicken, so the taste of the chicken will be just right.
  • Try to use dried shiitake in this recipe. If you don’t like dried mushrooms, you can use fresh ones. The dish will still be super delicious, but its flavor character will change.

This recipe is one of the recipes from my Mom’s Best collection. The collection contains family recipes handed down from my grandma to my dad, then to my mom. Now, the torch has been passed to me. In this same series, you can also find Mom’s best beef stew with tendon, Mom’s best braised pork spare ribs, Mom’s best braised duck leg and Mom’s best braised pork feet.

Braised Chicken with Mushroom (小鸡炖蘑菇) | omnivorescookbook.com

4.5 from 4 reviews
Mom’s Best Braised Chicken with Mushrooms (小鸡炖蘑菇)
 
Prep time
Cook time
Total time
 
Author:
Recipe type: Main
Cuisine: Chinese
Serves: 8-10
Ingredients
  • 35 grams (1.2 ounces) dried shiitake mushrooms
  • 6 (1.5 kilograms / 3 pounds) bone-in chicken leg with thigh, chopped to 3 to 4 pieces
  • 2 tablespoons Shaoxing wine (or Japanese sake)
  • 1 thumb-size (20 grams / 0.7 ounces) ginger
  • 1 whole star anise
  • 300 grams (10 ounces) tea tree mushrooms (oyster, shimeji, or fresh shiitake mushrooms etc.)
  • 6 (40 grams) green onion, white part
  • 2 tablespoons light soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon dark soy sauce
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 3/4 teaspoon salt
Instructions
  1. Place dried shiitake mushrooms in a medium-sized bowl and add water to cover. Rehydrate mushrooms until soft, 20 to 30 minutes (or according to instructions). Set aside.
    Braised Chicken and Mushroom Cooking Process | omnivorescookbook.com
  2. Wash chicken carefully with tap water. Transfer to a large pot and add water to cover chicken. Cover pot and bring to a boil. Continue to cook over medium heat, uncovered, for 10 minutes. Use a large ladle to skim the foam from the surface. Try to leave the oil on top, however, because it will add a nice flavor to the dish later.
    Braised Chicken and Mushroom Cooking Process | omnivorescookbook.com Braised Chicken and Mushroom Cooking Process | omnivorescookbook.com
  3. Transfer the chicken to a wok (or dutch oven). Pour in chicken broth until it almost completely covers the chicken. Add Shaoxing wine, ginger, and star anise. After bringing to a boil, simmer covered over low heat for 20 minutes.
    Braised Chicken and Mushroom Cooking Process | omnivorescookbook.com Braised Chicken and Mushroom Cooking Process | omnivorescookbook.com
  4. While braising the chicken, prepare the mushrooms and other ingredients. Wash the shiitake mushrooms carefully with running water.
  5. Add green onion, light soy sauce, dark soy sauce, sugar, and 1/2 teaspoon salt into the wok. Use a spatula to scoop the chicken from the bottom and mix the ingredients. Add rehydrated shiitake mushrooms and place tea tree mushrooms (or whichever type you’ve chosen) on top. Cover and bring to a boil over medium heat. Turn back to low heat and simmer covered until chicken turns soft, 20 to 30 minutes. Check the chicken every 10 minutes, scooping from the bottom with a spatula to avoid burning.
    Braised Chicken and Mushroom Cooking Process | omnivorescookbook.com Braised Chicken and Mushroom Cooking Process | omnivorescookbook.comBraised Chicken and Mushroom Cooking Process | omnivorescookbook.com
  6. Taste a small piece of chicken and some sauce, adding salt if necessary. If you want to serve the chicken by itself, the chicken should taste slightly plain now, because the saltiness will increase once the sauce is reduced. If you want to serve the chicken over steamed rice, add a bit of salt until it tastes just right. In this case, I added 1/4 teaspoon of salt to get a slightly salty dish in the end.
  7. Turn to high heat and boil uncovered. Use a spatula to scoop the chicken from the bottom constantly, until the sauce is thick enough to coat the chicken, 5 to 10 minutes.
  8. Transfer chicken to a plate and serve warm over rice.
  9. Store the leftover chicken in an airtight container in the fridge for up to 1 week or in the freezer for up to 2 months.

The nutrition facts are calculated based on 1 of the 10 servings generated by the recipe.

Braised Chicken and Mushroom nutrition facts | omnivorescookbook.com

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Meet Maggie

Born and raised in Beijing, Maggie now calls Texas home. She’s learned to love barbecue, but her heart belongs to the food she grew up with. For her, Omnivore’s Cookbook is all about introducing cooks to real-deal Chinese dishes, which can be as easy as a 30-minute stir-fry or as adventurous as making your own dim sum. Recipes, step-by-step photos and video are the tools she uses to share her knowledge—and her enthusiasm for Chinese food.

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11 thoughts on “Mom’s Best Braised Chicken with Mushrooms (小鸡炖蘑菇)

    1. Maggie Post author

      Hi Tina, thanks for stopping by! Yes, the chicken and mushrooms never go wrong! It’s common in Chinese cooking to blend some dark soy sauce into the light one to add color. You can use light soy sauce alone, but color of the dish won’t be so great but it won’t affect the taste so much.

      Reply
  1. Sarah

    This dish is so yummy! There is a Chinese cafe by my parents’ house, and we always order this dish when we are eating at that cafe. Thanks for sharing this classic, glad to know how to make it now! 🙂

    Reply
  2. Michelle @ Healthy Recipe Ecstasy

    Oh wow! I wish my family had a best collection of recipes to hand down through the generations. This looks amazing. I know I say this all the time, but I so love the way you write your posts and detail out things to note and tips. It makes me happy every time!

    Reply
  3. [email protected] Eats

    The title alone makes this a “MUST TRY” for me! I’m pinning this right now to my “ABSOLUTELY MUST TRY” board so I don’t lose this!! I really love the flavours you use Maggie 🙂 Can I ask what the texture of the chicken is supposed to be like? Fall apart tender?

    Reply
    1. Maggie Post author

      Hi Nagi, I do consider this one a must-try 🙂
      For the texture, I like to cook it until the meat just start to fall apart. I found it’s the time that the chicken is both tender and moist. The fall apart chicken is tender and flavorful too, but it will lost some moist. After that, it will get chewy again!

      Reply
  4. Robyn

    Each time I come to your blog, I feel like I’m taking a cooking class, Maggie. I love that I learn something new each time. I love the chemistry aspect of cooking and your combinations and measurement lessons are so important to the finished dish and distinguished flavours. Thanks for another great recipe!

    Reply
  5. Kimi Wei

    Great recipe, thank you. 2 questions. 1 – sometimes I have kosher chicken on hand and it comes pre-brined. Would that texture and taste be unpleasant for that dish? 2 – About how many medium sized dried shiitake mushrooms are 1.2 oz?

    Reply
    1. Maggie Post author

      Hi Kimi, I think you can cook with kosher chicken without any problem. Just make sure to add salt after tasting the broth, so you won’t over season it. As for the mushrooms, you could add a handful (maybe 10 to 15 for medium sized shiitake mushrooms). Happy cooking and hope the dish turns out great!

      Reply
  6. DS

    Is the chicken broth the stock in which you boiled the chicken? I have eaten one with lotus seeds and pork sausage so nice. I will try it soon

    Reply
    1. Maggie Post author

      Back in China we usually braise the chicken in water (since chicken stock is precious ingredient). We always use bone-in cuts so the broth will end up very flavorful, just like you make a quick broth from scratch. However you can replace the water by using chicken stock to make the finished broth even tastier.
      I believe the stew will turn out very good if you add lotus seeds and pork sausage in it 🙂
      Happy cooking and hope your dish turns out great!

      Reply