In the past two posts, I explained why a carbon steel pan is a great idea for making stir fries, and how to season your new carbon steel pan. In this post, I will teach you all the tips and tricks on carbon steel pan care, so your pan will last a lifetime and perform well for you. The post includes advice on how to properly clean the pan, how to cook with it, and what to avoid. Follow these guidelines so your pan will stay nonstick and create great tasting food!
How to clean a carbon steel pan
Cleaning a carbon steel pan might look complicated. But once you try it a few times, it will become your ritual and take very little extra time.
It’s easiest to clean a carbon steel pan when it’s still hot. To clean the pan:
- Run hot tap water over the pan and use a wok brush to scrub the food residue. DO NOT use dish soap.
- If there’s any very tough residue that’s hard to scrub off, you can use your regular dish scrubbing sponge to clean the spot. Just be careful, make sure the dish scrubber is clean from soap, otherwise it will scrub off the seasoning from your pan.
- Once you’re done washing your pan, thoroughly dry the pan, inside and out, using a clean towel or paper towel.
- Heat the pan over medium heat for a few minutes to get the pan bone dry.
- Pour a few drops of neutral oil (such as vegetable oil, or the same type of oil you used when you seasoned the pan) onto a few layers of paper towel, and wipe it over the inside of the pan so it forms a thin layer.
The last step is very important if your pan is quite new. When your pan is well seasoned (anall-back patina has formed all over the interior), you don’t have to do the last step every time.
Things to avoid
- Do not use dish soap to wash your pan, since it will wash off the seasoning. However I do use some dish soap to wash the handle of the pan if it’s greasy. Just avoid getting the soap inside the pan.
- Do not soak your pan. It will cause it to rust.
- Never wash your pan in the dishwasher.
- Do not use steel wool to scrub the pan. It will scrub off the seasoning.
How to clean your pan if the food residue doesn’t come off
Sometimes you might have burned some food onto the pan and it won’t come off, no matter how hard you scrub it. Also, sometimes you might see uneven bumps caused by half-oxidized oil particles.
In this case, you should use this method to deep clean your pan:
- Spread a thin layer of salt onto the pan. Heat it over medium-high heat until hot.
- Scrub it with a few layers of paper towels (you can use a pair of tongs to grab the towels to prevent burning your hands) or a wooden spatula. The salt will help remove the food residue and the lingering particles from previous cooking.
- Once done, rinse the pan with hot water to clean off the salt. Dry the pan thoroughly with paper towels, heat it over the stove, and rub it with a thin layer of oil as instructed above.
Best practices for cooking with a newly seasoned carbon steel pan
- Use your newly seasoned pan to cook vegetables, deep fry, or shallow fry food.
Your carbon steel pan will be quite nonstick after the patina has built up. But for a newly seasoned pan, your food might still stick. Here are some recipe ideas:
- Chinese Fried Pork Chops
- 4-Ingredient Baby Bok Choy Stir Fry
- You Tiao (Chinese Donuts)
- Salt and Pepper Shrimp
- Chinese 4-Ingredient Fried Cabbage
- Always use more oil when you’re cooking with a new pan. This will help the pan to build up a patina and become more nonstick in the future. And note, you will always end up using a bit more oil with a carbon steel pan, compared to a nonstick pan.
As soon as I seasoned my new pan, I cooked fried eggs using 2 teaspoons of oil. The eggs came off easily without sticking, but the oil was all gone, absorbed by the pan for further seasoning.
- Avoid cooking starchy food in it or use a bit more oil. If you cook stir fries that contain cornstarch (most recipes with protein contain it), you’ll need to use more oil to prevent sticking. Noodles and rice will be trickier and they tend to stick.
- Do not use the pan to cook any acidic food. Lemon juice, tomato sauce, vinegar, and anything that is slightly acidic will undo the seasoning. They will react with the coating and cause the seasoning to come off. And your food will end up tasting a bit metallic. On the other hand, once your pan is well seasoned (it has an even, black coating), you could get away with cooking acidic food if you don’t cook it for very long. For example, it’s possible to make General Tso’s Chicken in a well-seasoned 12” carbon steel fry pan even though the dish contains vinegar, because the sauce will only stay a few minutes in the pan. On the other hand, if you’re making a tomato-based stew, the longer cooking time will unseason the pan. I recommend you not do so, even with a well seasoned pan.
- Do not use the pan to braise or boil food. It’s common practice to braise and boil food in a wok in Chinese cooking. However, when you do so with a new carbon steel pan, the seasoning tends to come off due to the salt content in the liquid. But once your pan is well seasoned, it’s totally fine to braise and boil food in it.
Carbon steel pan cooking tips
- Heat up the pan until it just starts to smoke, and then add the oil. This will help prevent sticking when you cook meat or starchy food.
- More searing and less stirring. When you add the food, especially when it’s protein (meat, eggs, tofu etc.), it’s important to let the food sear in the oil without moving it around. Once the protein is cooked, it will release from the pan easily without sticking. Same idea with fried rice. When the rice crisps up, it will release from the pan with a single scrape of your spatula.
- Always use a bit more oil. It helps.
- If food starts to stick, deglaze the pan. Drizzle some Shaoxing wine or chicken stock, or a bit of water into a hot pan and scrape it with your spatula. The brown bits should come off easily and the liquid will evaporate. This step will make your food taste better too.
- If your pan has food stuck on it, scrub it to remove all residue if possible once you finish cooking (see the methods above). Sometimes, it doesn’t matter if there’s only a bit of residue, which will come off next time you cook with the pan. But food residue might build up and cause more sticking in the future if you do not clean the pan carefully.
It might sound like a lot of work to take care of a carbon steel pan. And yes, there’s a bit of a learning curve. But if you try it a few times, you will find that it is not that complicated and you’ll build up your routine easily. This means the pan will last a lifetime and it will always help you cook better food.
Did I forget anything or do you have more questions? Leave a comment below and I’ll try my best to answer.
More posts you might be interested in
- Why a Carbon Steel Pan is the Best for Stir Fry
- How to Season a Carbon Steel Pan
- Wok vs. Stir Fry Pan – Which is the Right Tool for You?
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