Thai Fish Cakes

Make the best Thai fish cakes with a springy and silky texture without running to an Asian market.

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla) | Asian | Appetizer | Main | Easy | Recipe |

Lately we’ve been obsessed with these fish cakes. Here are three reasons you should try them out:

  1. You can create that smooth and springy texture with normal white fish fillets from a normal grocery store. No need to run to an Asian store to get fish paste.
  2. It’s super easy to prepare the fish paste, with 5 minutes and a spin in the food processor.
  3. These fish cakes are decadent enough to serve as a main.

Back in 2014 when I had just started this blog, I posted a Chinese fish cake recipe right here. I bought the freshest fish I could find. And I used a cleaver to chop the fish for 20 minutes to make the fish paste (I was living in China and did not own a food processor). The result was a mediocre fish cake with a grainy texture. I firmly believed that the sad results were caused by the fish I used. In Hong Kong and Macau, where I had some of the best fish cakes ever, they always used live, whole fish. To create the springy fish cake, they would baton the paste with wooden sticks for 30 minutes.

I thought it was a process that would be impossible to recreate at home.

I was dead wrong about that.

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla) | Asian | Appetizer | Main | Easy | Recipe |

The key to the springy texture

Recently I came across the Tod Mun Pla recipe on She Simmers. If you haven’t heard about this blog, it is my go-to place for all Thai recipes. Leela Punyaratabandhu started the blog back in 2008 and has a great collection of authentic Thai recipes. She is a serious cook who grew up in a traditional Thai family that loves cooking and appreciates good food. She is the author of two beautiful cookbooks: Bangkok: Recipes and Stories from the Heart of Thailand and Simple Thai Food: Classic Recipes from the Thai Home Kitchen. Her recipes might look quite long and they use exotic ingredients, just like in a real Thai kitchen, but my cooking of her recipes has always resulted in excellent dishes. This fish cake is no exception.

In her post, she shares the secrets of creating the perfect fish cake texture at home–by adding egg whites and beating the fish paste with a mixer, to create that airy, fluffy texture. It is a process that mimics the traditional method of beating the fish with wooden sticks. But with modern tools, you can actually accomplish it at home by simply turning on your mixer and letting it run for a few minutes.

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla) Cooking Process

When I tried out her method, I did a few things differently:

  1. I used fish fillets instead of fish paste. I was curious to see if I could recreate that smooth texture without running to the Asian market. The results turned out to be excellent.
  2. I beat the fish paste while grinding it in my food processor. The fish paste turned out well without special mixture.
  3. I didn’t use kaffir lime leaves because I couldn’t find them. It did not affect the flavor too much.

The result was perfect springy fish cake with a smooth texture and bold flavor, just like the ones you have in a restaurant.

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla) | Asian | Appetizer | Main | Easy | Recipe |

How to shape the fish cakes without getting your hands dirty

During the cooking, I also found a great way to create round-shaped fish cakes without shaping them with your hands. Here is how:

  1. Use a cookie scoop to transfer a ball of 2 tablespoons of fish paste onto an oiled spatula.
  2. Press the fish ball with the back of another spatula or a large spoon to flatten the ball into a 1/4-inch (1/2-cm) thick disc.
  3. Gently slide the shaped fish cake into the pan. It will be easy because the spatula is coated with oil.
  4. Fry until the fish cake turns golden.

OK, it might look like a lot of work. But I’m a control freak and I want my fish cakes to be perfectly round. Judge me if you want!

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla) Cooking Process

In case you don’t want to deep fry the fish cakes, you can use a little oil and pan fry them as well. The fish cakes won’t have a consistent golden surface, but it won’t affect the taste.

A note on serving

Although an Asian restaurant would serve fish cakes as an appetizer, they are actually a great ingredient to serve as a main dish.

When I was visiting Singapore, I had the most excellent fried noodle dish at a hole-in-the-wall restaurant in the basement of an office building. The plate was extremely simple and did not even look appetizing (see the picture below). The thin strips of noodles were piled on a paper plate with a fish cake on top. When I had one bite, I blurted out “OH. MY. GOD!” It was one of my most satisfying meals ever.

Best Fried Noodles in Singapore |

Back to the topic… Here are a few ways to serve the fish cakes to make a satisfying main:

  1. Top the fish cakes on steamed rice and serve with a roasted vegetable on the side.
  2. Make 15-minute fried rice noodles without adding any meat. Top the fish cakes on the noodles.
  3. Make this 10-minute soy sauce noodle soup, and top with fish cakes.

I hope you enjoy this dish as much as I do!

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla) | Asian | Appetizer | Main | Easy | Recipe |

If you give this recipe a try, let us know! Leave a comment, rate it (once you’ve tried it), and take a picture and tag it @omnivorescookbook on Instagram! I’d love to see what you come up with.

More delicious seafood recipes

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla) | Asian | Appetizer | Main | Easy | Recipe |

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla)

This recipe was developed based on the Fish Cake recipe from She Simmers, and the recipe from Lucky Peach: 101 Easy Asian Recipes. The dipping sauce recipe is slightly adapted from Lucky Peach Presents 101 Easy Asian Recipes by Peter Meehan.
4.75 from 4 votes
Print Pin Rate
Course: Main
Cuisine: Chinese
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 20 minutes
Servings: 4 to 6 servings
Calories: 308kcal
Author: Maggie Zhu


Fish Cake

  • 1 pound (450 grams) white fish fillet , cut into 1-inch (2.5-cm) pieces (Footnote 1)
  • 2.6 ounces red curry paste
  • 2 large egg whites
  • 1 tablespoon fish sauce (or soy sauce if you don’t like fish sauce)
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1 cup thinly sliced green beans (*Footnote 2) (Optional)
  • Vegetable oil for frying (*Footnote 3)
  • Lime wedges for serving

Dipping sauce

  • 1/2 cup Thai sweet chili sauce
  • 1 cup seeded cucumber , chopped
  • 2 tablespoons roasted peanuts , chopped
  • 2 tablespoons cilantro , minced
  • 1 teaspoon fish sauce


  • Fish cake:
  • Combine the fish, curry paste, egg whites, fish sauce, and sugar in a food processor. Pulse a few times, to mix until it forms a smooth, thick, and sticky paste, 2 minutes or so. Once finished, poke the fish paste with a spoon. It should be firm, elastic, and springy. Transfer the fish paste into a big bowl.
  • Fold the green beans into the paste using a spatula.
  • Heat 1/2-inch oil in a small deep pot over medium heat until hot (*Footnote 4).
  • Work on the fish cakes in batches. Use a cookie scoop to transfer a ball of 2 tablespoons of fish paste onto an oiled spatula. Then use the back of another spatula or a large spoon to flatten the ball into a 1/4-inch (1/2-cm) thick disc. Gently slide the fish cake into the pan. Fry until the bottom side turns golden, about 30 to 40 seconds. Flip and cook the other side until golden. The whole process should take about 1 minute. (*Footnote 5) To test doneness, transfer a fish cake onto a plate and poke it with a toothpick. You should feel the bouncy resistance and the toothpick should come out clean.
  • Sauce
  • Mix all the sauce ingredients in a small bowl right before serving.
  • Serve the hot fish cake with dipping sauce as an appetizer, or serve them on top of rice or noodles as a main. Enjoy!
  • You can store the cooked fish cakes in the fridge for a couple days, or in the freezer for up to 3 months. One note: do not refrigerate the uncooked fish paste. I did it once, and fried fish cakes made from day-old fish paste and it resulted in a tough and grainy texture. I had to put it back into the food processor and beat two more egg whites into it to get the texture fluffy again.


  1. Catfish, sea bass, cod and other types of white fish fillets will work. Try to find the freshest fillets possible. I prefer to use catfish to make this recipe, because the fish is fattier and creates a better texture.
  2. Authentic fish cakes use thinly sliced green beans or Chinese long beans (string beans) to add texture. You can skip this, or add a handful of chopped green onion.
  3. To create the best fish cakes that have a crispy golden crust and tender interior, you need to use a bit more oil, just enough to cover the fish cakes. But if you do not like frying, you can add just enough oil to cover the bottom of the pan. The surface of the fish cakes will turn darker but it will remain tasty.
  4. I highly recommend using a small, deep pot if you plan to fry the fish cakes. You can cook the whole batch with about 1 cup of oil (or less). The fish cakes cook very quickly in the hot oil, so you won’t be able to work on more than three cakes at a time. Alternatively, you can use a large nonstick skillet and roast the fish cakes with less oil.
  5. If your fish cake turns dark brown too fast, not leaving you enough time to work on shaping the next fish cake, reduce the heat to medium or medium low. If the fish cake takes too long to turn golden, increase heat slightly.


Serving: 1of the 6 servings | Calories: 308kcal | Carbohydrates: 21.8g | Protein: 16.3g | Fat: 16.5g | Saturated Fat: 3.9g | Cholesterol: 61mg | Sodium: 1053mg | Potassium: 371mg | Fiber: 1.5g | Sugar: 10.9g | Vitamin A: 15IU | Vitamin C: 9mg | Calcium: 4mg | Iron: 12mg

The recipe was originally published in August 21, 2014 and updated in September 10, 2017. I completely changed the ingredients and cooking method. Please replace your old copy with this new version for much better results.

Thai Fish Cakes (Tod Mun Pla) | Asian | Appetizer | Main | Easy | Recipe |


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Meet Maggie

Hi I'm Maggie Zhu! Welcome to my site about modern Chinese cooking - including street food, family recipes, and restaurant dishes. I take a less labor-intensive approach while maintaining the taste and look of the dish. I am originally from Beijing, and now cook from my New York kitchen.

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Recipe Rating

28 thoughts on “Thai Fish Cakes

      1. Sadye

        4 stars
        It WAS surprisingly simple — with two of us tag-teaming the frying duty — and we were thrilled with the result!

  1. Christine | No Gojis No Glory

    I’m a big fan of fish and love finding new ways to try it. I’ve never made fish cakes before, but these look so fantastic. I think they’d pair well served as a little side to some soup. Glad your mishap turned into something so delicious!

    1. Maggie Post author

      A soup paring sounds great! I think it goes well with Thai soup, like tom yum kum or Tom Kha Gai. There’s crab cake, so why not fish cake! 🙂

  2. NJ

    Hi..Maggie, Will frozen tilapia work for This recipe?
    If I substitute the red curry paste to Japanese curry paste(ru)
    Will it work as well?

    1. Maggie Post author

      Hi NJ, yep, you can use frozen tilapia to cook this recipe. As long as you beat in the egg white, the fish cakes will come out great with the springy texture. And I think Japanese curry paste will work just well 🙂 Happy cooking and let me know how the fish cakes turn out!

  3. Tammy

    5 stars
    I love this recipe!! It’s so easy and SO delicious! Thanks so much for sharing, this is definitely a keeper!

  4. Joe

    Great recipe. I’ve also struggled with chopping fish by hand, the food processor is the way to go, good call. I treat the recipe here as a skeleton, one can build it out/tweak in various ways. For example, I used tilapia, added two whole eggs (not just whites), also added chopped green onions and cilantro with the green beans, played with the sauce ingredients, and added more red curry paste to the fish. So that was a balance of things I’ve used before, and experimenting is fine. Hard to go wrong, I think. In any case, a very good go-to recipe (now in my computer recipe book), the cakes are excellent, and ideas for presentation here are nice as well. Thanks!

    1. Maggie Post author

      Hi Shirley, when you use a food processor to mix the paste, does it reach a consistency that is sticky and bouncy? I found out that if you don’t mix it enough, the paste won’t reach a very fine texture and will turn out crumbly.

  5. Eliza

    Why write all the gumpf before giving the recipe? So much waffle to get to it. Who reads all the nonsense anyway? Immunity interested in your personal life and amateur writing no just want the recipe. Let’s cut the rubbish out have the recipe please.
    I will tryout for recipe later today – thanks for sharing it.

    1. Carol

      Just under the recipe heading, there’s a ‘Jump to recipe’ link that takes you to the recipe and a ‘Print recipe’ link that opens just the recipe in a new tab.